In order to refinish dated cabinets, you need to go through several steps in order to succeed in this type of home improvement task. First, you need to remove the doors and hardware from the cabinets. Next, clean the inside and outside of the cabinets. Then, fill in any gouges with putty before sanding them. You should take off the doors for all these steps, as they are much easier to clean and stain when they are completely removed.
Cleaning the Cabinets and Applying Putty
When cleaning the cabinets, you should use a cloth that has been doused with mineral spirits to wipe down the cabinetry. Before using the wood putty, assess the cabinets for gouges as well as other depressions, including scratches. Fill in the depressions with the putty and allow it to dry in accordance with the manufacturer’s directions.
Sanding the Cabinets and Touching Up Any Spots
When sanding the cabinets, use a fine sandpaper. Next, remove the sand dust with a cloth. Look at the cabinets for bald spots – areas where the old stain has degraded. Cover these spots with a touch-up marker.
Stain the Cabinets
When you start staining a cabinet, use wide, parallel strokes. You should apply one coat of the stain with a paintbrush. Allow the stain to dry before applying another coat, then wait for the second coat to dry.
Refinishing Laminate Cabinets
To refinish a cabinet made of a laminate, you need to remove the cabinet doors and hardware before sanding the surfaces. A coat of liquid primer should be applied before commencing painting. Therefore, with regular wood-stained cabinets, you need to re-stain them, while laminate cabinets should be re-painted.
Consider Using an Electric Sander
Normally, when you are sanding a laminate surface, it is best to use a 60-grit sandpaper for the project. You may also consider using an electric sander when sanding a wood-stained or laminate exterior. Using a sander can speed up the process.
Apply Painter’s Tape
After the surface is sanded, it is important to clean away any contaminants so the surface is clean and smooth. Using regular masking tape can lead to surface damage. Therefore, when preparing a laminate cabinet, you should use blue painter’s tape. Always make sure that the primer is completely dry before you begin the painting process. When painting a laminate surface, it is best to use two coats of paint.
Using a Polyurethane Gloss on a Laminate
If you want to convey a natural look, apply a polyurethane gloss over the paint. Apply the gloss after the cabinets have been sanded and allow it to dry for about 12 hours. When the surface is dry, lightly sand the cabinets and apply another coat. In order to realize the best results, a total of four coats should be applied.
Whether you are staining cabinets or applying a polyurethane coating of paint, you need to work in an area that is well ventilated. If you notice bubbles forming when you are using the polyurethane, use the tip of your paintbrush and gradually remove them.